Haiti has hot, humid tropical weather, characterized by each day temperature variations that exceed annual versions; Temperature is changed by using altitude. Average temperatures range from the high 70s Fahrenheit (about 25 °C) in January and February to the mid-80s (about 30 °C) in July and August. The average temperature of the village of Kenscoff at approximately 4, seven hundred feet (1,430 m) is about 60 °F (16 °C), whilst the common temperature of Port-au-Prince at sea degree is 79 °F (26 °C). C). In iciness, frost can occur at better altitudes.
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Haiti is placed downstream of the island, which means that the effect of the humid alternate winds isn’t always as awesome as inside the Dominican Republic. The greater humid districts are determined at the northern and jap slopes of the mountains. Parts of the island obtain less than 28 inches (seven hundred mm) of precipitation consistent with the year. The Northwest Peninsula and the Gonawes Islands are in particular dry. Some areas have rainy seasons, lasting from April to June and August to October, even as other regions acquire rainfall from May to November. An annual variant of rainfall can motivate drought, massive crop failure, and famine.
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The southern peninsula, that’s greater prone to hurricanes (tropical cyclones) than different elements of Haiti, became heavily broken by Hurricanes Allen (1980), Gilbert (1988), and Georges (1998). However, all parts of the USA can be prone to tropical storms and hurricanes. During August and September 2008 a sequence of excessive storms which include Hannah and Ike caused considerable harm and claimed the lives of about 800 people.
Plant And Animal Life
From the seventeenth to the 19th centuries, a lot of the herbal flowers became destroyed thru clearing for agriculture, grazing, and harvesting. Deforestation accelerated during the 20th century with a boom in the populace, and forests that after blanketed us were decreased to a small proportion of the total land area. Patches of virgin woodland continue to be in the Massif de Los Angeles Selle, which incorporates tall pines, and within the Massif de l. A. He, where an evergreen woodland with massive tree ferns and orchids stands on the slopes of Macaya Peak. Bayahondes (a form of mesquite), cacti, and acacia form thorny forests on the dry plains. The mangrove swamps on the coast have also declined sharply, as their timber had been overexploited for the manufacturing of firewood and charcoal.
With the retreat of natural vegetation, wildlife has lost its habitat and haven. Wild boars, guinea fowl, and wild geese now do not exist, but caimans nevertheless inhabit the rivers of the southern peninsula, and a few flamingos are observed on the island of Gonawe, where they are regularly hunted. Little has been accomplished to preserve Haiti’s flora and fauna, and few country-wide or nearby parks had been mounted. The loss of conservation measures has been especially unfavorable to the coral formations and the animal life associated with them.
The soil inside the mountains is thin and it loses its fertility quick on cultivation. The decreased hills are blanketed with pink soil and loams. The alluvial soils of the plains and valleys are fertile, but the one areas are greater cultivated because of the excessive populace density. Much soil erosion has been because by deforestation, and a good deal as a 3rd of Haiti’s land may be beyond recovery.
Comfort And Drainage
The generally rugged topography of principal and western Hispaniola is reflected inside the call Haiti, which is derived from the indigenous Arawak place-name Ayiti (“mountain land”); About two-thirds of the whole land location is above 1, six hundred feet (490 m) in elevation. Haiti’s irregular coastline forms a protracted, slender peninsula inside the south and a smaller peninsula in the north, separated by the triangular-fashioned Gulf of Gonna. Within the bay is Gonawe Island, which has an area of approximately 290 square miles (750 square km). Haiti’s coast is normally rocky, surrounded by using cliffs, and surrounded by many first-rate natural harbors. The surrounding seas are famous for their coral reefs. The plains, which can be largely restricted, are the maximum effective agricultural land and the maximum densely populated. The rivers are severely however small, and most aren’t navigable.
The backbone of the island of Hispaniola consists of 4 foremost mountain tiers that enlarge from west to east. The northernmost border, called the Cordillera Septentrion in the Dominican Republic, takes place at the island of Tortue, the handiest off the northern coast of Haiti. Tortue Island has a place of approximately 70 square miles (a hundred and eighty sq.Km). In the seventeenth century, it turned into a stronghold of privateers and pirates from numerous countries.